Education as a whole is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of
Education, which is responsible for managing a comprehensive school
system ranging from primary to university level, regulate syllabi,
controls national examinations and it supervises the development
of education in the country.
education in Malaysia covers a total period of six years. It is
aimed to provided a good foundation for pupils to be proficient
in reading, writing and arithmetic (3R’s). At the end of the
six years, primary school pupils will be assessed for the Ujian
Penilaian Sekolah Rendah/The Primary School Assessment Test (UPSR/PSAT).
Irrespective of their performance in the PSAT, all primary school
pupils are promoted to form one, the foundation year of secondary
education is the continuation of primary level education. The syllabi,
Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Menengah/Secondary School Integrated
Curriculum (KBSM/SSIC) is developed to suit the needs and aspirations
of the country. Secondary education is divided into three main levels:
lower secondary level, upper secondary level and pre-university
secondary education in Malaysia prepares students to develop skills
needed in life and to be useful citizens of the country. After completing
the third year, the students are required to take a national assessment
test, Penilaian Menengah Rendah/Lower Secondary Assessment (PMR/LSA).
The students performances on PMR/LSA will determine their academic
streaming to the upper secondary level i.e. whether to be in science,
arts, technical or vocational streams.
selection of students and academic streaming to the upper secondary
level will be determined by the Ministry of Education. At the end
of the two-year period in upper secondary education, the students
will be assessed by a compulsory national examination, Sijil Pelajaran
Malaysia/Malaysian Certificate of Examination (SPM/MCE) or Sijil
Pelajaran Malaysia Vokasional/Vocational Malaysian Certificate of
Examination (SPMV/VMCE), as in the case of the vocational streaming.
The SPM/MCE/SPMV/VMCE certificates are equivalent to O-level Cambridge
in the vocational course stream will study the vocational subjects
in conjunction with other academic subjects identical to the normal
school syllabi. They will be required to take the Peperiksaan Sijil
Pelajaran Malaysia Vokasional (SPMV) at the end of the second year.
Those with excellent results may further their studies at local
institutions of higher learning or enter the job market. Skills
Training Course is an optional programme. Students will undergo
into the skills training programmes so as to enable them to sit
for the Peperiksaan Majlis Latihan Vokasional Kebangsaan Asas (MLVK)
at the end of the second year study programme. They will then join
the job market or undergo advance skills training in selected areas.
The vocational training of youths is becoming important to national
development. Besides the Ministry of Education there are other ministries,
public and private agencies involved in the vocational training
of youth to fulfil the manpower needs of the industries.
pre-university education programme is classified into two groups
i.e. the A-Level and the matriculation study programmes. The entry
to these programmes is based upon the performance in the SPM/SPMV.
For the A-Level study programme, the academic streaming will be
in arts, science and technical. Students will be required to take
the Sijil Tinggi Pelajaran Malaysia Examination (STPM), which is
organized by the Malaysian Examination Council and is accredited
by the University of Cambridge Local Examination Syndicate of England
(UCLES). The qualification is recognized by most universities around
the world. The matriculation study programme is organized for entries
to the local universities. It is a one-year academic foundation
programme, monitored by the host universities and teaching is carried
at the respective residential/private schools. Students who excel
in their examinations at the end of the programme will be accepted
to the host universities.